Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research <p style="direction: ltr;">Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research is published three times a year, in October, February, and June. It is a journal in the field of Education, encompassing textual and field studies from various perspectives, Educational Management, Educational Policy, Educational Technology, Educational Psychology, Curriculum Development, and Learning Strategies, as well as contemporary research findings in the field of Education.</p> en-US Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2774-2784 Teachers as Learning Leaders at SMKN 5 Lhokseumawe <p>The teacher is a professional with his main task of teaching, guiding, training and educating students. In the learning process in the classroom, the teacher is the real leader who manages the classroom environment to achieve learning goals. The teacher is a reflection and role model for students, the attitudes and actions of a teacher can determine the continuity of the learning process to achieve learning goals. This study aims to find out how the competence of teachers as learning leaders at SMKN 5 Lhokseumawe. This study used a qualitative research approach, namely a descriptive survey method. The results of the study showed that: teacher competence as a learning leader at SMKN 5 Lhokseumawe in implementing learning takes place in a conducive manner, because teachers have competence as leaders and This application already exists in the learning system. This can be seen from the teachers who are 87% already have the ability to become a leader and make the class active in the learning process. In addition, teachers at SMKN 5 Lhokseumawe also have skills as learning leaders in class, and meet competency standards as educators, both pedagogical competence, attitude competence, professional competence and individual competence and have a personality in accordance with the teacher's code of ethics that applies in the type law -Types of behavior of educators.</p> Nurasiah Nurasiah Zulkhairi Zulkhairi Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-05 2023-08-05 1 10 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1422 Moral Development Efforts for Santri at the Hidayatullah Islamic Boarding School <p>This study aims to find out how to develop morals for students at the Hidayatullah Tanjung Morawa Islamic Boarding School. this research is a research file. The techniques used in collecting data in the field are through observation, interviews, documentation and literature studies. After the data is obtained, then a descriptive analysis is carried out, so as to get a conclusion. This research concludes that efforts to develop students' morals are implemented in the form of coaching through congregational prayer education, recital wirid, reading the Qur'an properly and correctly, and carrying out other practices of worship, as well as caregivers providing good examples, giving advice, habituation, reprimands in the form of motivation and punishment to foster children who make mistakes with the aim that children do not make the same mistakes because they can harm themselves and others.</p> Serliyani Serliyani Nur Asyiah Siregar Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-07 2023-08-07 11 20 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1428 The Influence of Headmaster's Interpersonal Communication on Teacher's Work Motivation in MTs Al- Jam’iyatul <table width="567"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="435"> <p>The aim of this research is to determine and analyze the influence of headmaster's interpersonal communication on the work motivation of teachers at MTs Al-Jam’iyatul Wasliyah Tembung. This research is descriptive in nature, employing a quantitative approach. The independent variable (X) in this study is the headmaster's interpersonal communication, while the dependent variable (Y) is teacher's work motivation. The population for this study consists of 35 teachers at MTs Al-Jam’iyatul Wasliyah Tembung. The sample size is 35 respondents, selected through total sampling technique. Data collection is done using a questionnaire survey method. Data analysis is performed using SPSS Statistics 25.0, involving descriptive and regression analysis. The research findings indicate a positive and significant influence of the headmaster's interpersonal communication (X) on teacher's work motivation (Y) at MTs Al-Jam’iyatul Wasliyah Tembung. Based on the partial test (T-test), the obtained t-value is 4.518 with a significant value of 0.000, while the critical t-value is 2.035 at a 95% confidence level. Hence, the null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha) is accepted. The assumptions for analysis show that the data is normally distributed, homogenous, and linear. Based on the conducted research, it can be concluded that the variable of Headmaster's Interpersonal Communication significantly impacts the improvement of Teacher's Work Motivation at MTs Al-Jam’iyatul Wasliyah Tembung.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Hendri Fauza Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-14 2023-08-14 21 29 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1438 Ethics of Language Through Speech Actions <p>To engage in civilized discourse, three aspects need to be upheld: linguistic politeness, conversational politeness, and ethical discourse. Linguistic politeness involves the selection of respectful lexical elements and varied sentence structures; conversational politeness pertains to the social status of the interlocutor; and ethical discourse relates to the behavior while communicating. These three elements constitute a unity aimed at achieving the attribute of civilized discourse. Moreover, the ethical dimension of speaking, as discussed by Masinambouw and Geertz, emphasizes the connection between language use and societal norms. The ethics of speaking encompass considerations of appropriate speech topics, linguistic variety, turn-taking, active listening, vocal modulation, and physical demeanor. These ethical guidelines serve as a framework for individuals to communicate responsibly, demonstrate respect for social norms, and contribute to the harmonious functioning of society. In essence, effective communication encompasses not only the exchange of information but also the application of linguistic politeness and adherence to ethical discourse principles. As individuals navigate complex social contexts, understanding and employing these principles can facilitate meaningful and respectful interactions, fostering an environment of understanding, cooperation, and mutual respect.</p> Linda Handayani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-14 2023-08-14 30 35 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1439 Implementation of Leadership Communication Management in Enhancing Students' Character at Al-Habib Islamic Boarding School <p>This research aims to understand how the implementation of leadership communication management in the Islamic Boarding School's administration enhances students' character at Al-Habib Islamic Boarding School. This includes the communication of the school head with students, teachers, staff, and all elements of the boarding school. Methodologically, this study adopts a qualitative research approach. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, observations, and documentary studies. After collecting the data, its authenticity was examined through validation standards, namely trustworthiness, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. The data analysis technique employed involves data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions from the research findings. The expected findings of this research are: (1) The focus of the planning is on producing well-characterized graduates who possess both formal education knowledge and Islamic education knowledge from the boarding school. (2) The organization of the Boarding School Leadership and their accountability to the Boarding School Head in leading, planning, developing, directing, coordinating, overseeing, and controlling school activities in implementing the Public Relations field program in line with the established vision, mission, and work program. (3) The implementation of communication development includes activities such as creating Asma’ul Husna plaques, book study programs, voluntary prayers, voluntary fasting, and Qur'an memorization.</p> Ahmad Zaki Nurul Hasanah Syarifah Hidayani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-19 2023-08-19 36 44 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1447 The Influence of Modified Hanging Ball Device on Volleyball Spike Performance in the Ngestiboga PWD Team <p>This study aims to answer the following questions: (1) Does the hanging ball modification tool influence the results of volleyball smashes in the Ngestiboga PWD volleyball team? (2) To what extent does the hanging ball influence the results of volleyball smashes in the Ngestiboga PWD team? This research is a quantitative study using a one-group pretest-posttest design and quasi-experimental approach. Ten members of the Ngestiboga PWD volleyball team were used as the research sample. The sampling method employed was total sampling. The validity testing steps of the research instrument included testing the ability of volleyball smashes and using the Pearson product-moment correlation formula, which yielded an observed correlation coefficient (r) &gt; the tabulated correlation coefficient (r-table) at 5%, namely 0.760 &gt; 0.632, and a two-tailed Sig. value of 0.0011 &lt; 0.05, indicating the accuracy of the data. The reliability test using Cronbach's alpha resulted in a high interpretation value of 0.805. Paired Sample T-test was used as the data analysis technique, along with homogeneity and homogeneity of variance tests as prerequisites for the Shapiro-Wilk normality test. The results of this study showed that the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected, while the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted (calculated t-value &gt; tabulated t-value = 19.532 &gt; 2.306). To draw conclusions, it is important to note that: (1) The hanging ball modification tool influences the results of volleyball smashes in the Ngestiboga PWD team. (2) The R Square value of 0.116 according to the linear regression test. The percentage of the impact of the Ngestiboga PWD team's reaction to the hanging ball modification on volleyball smash results is 11.6%, and 88.4% is influenced by other factors.</p> Rena Riskiana Ginanjar Nugraheningsih Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-19 2023-08-19 45 53 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1448 Technology-Based Administration Management in Supporting Teachers’ Careers at MA Miftahul Qulub Polagan Pamekasan <p>Administration management is very important for educational institutions because the administration is useful for data management in achieving a goal. This research originated from the researcher's interest in knowing technology-based administration in supporting teachers’ careers. This study aims 1) to know the planning of technology-based administrative management in supporting teachers’ careers at MA Miftahul Qulub Polagan Pamekasan. 2) to know the use of technology-based administration in supporting teachers’ careers at MA Miftahul Qulub Polagan Pamekasan. 3) to know the advantages and disadvantages of administration management in supporting teachers’ careers at MA Miftahul Qulub Polagan Pamekasan. To achieve the above objectives, this study uses a qualitative approach with a type of descriptive research. In data collection, this study used observation (non-participants), interviews (semi-structured) to the parties concerned and documentation. As for data analysis, researcher carrie out three stages, namely by reducing the data then displaying the data in the form of a brief description and drawing conclusions.</p> Moh. Badruddin Amin Sitti Mahbubah Abdul Wafi Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-20 2023-08-20 54 62 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1432 The Role of School Culture in Improving Student Character at MIS Bina Insan <p>This study aims to determine the character building of students at MIS Bina Insan through the application of school culture. This research method uses descriptive qualitative. The research was conducted at MIS Bina Insan with research subjects namely the head of the madrasa, teachers, and students. Data collection techniques in this study were carried out by observation, interviews, and documentation studies. The results of the research show that schools instill cultural values ??that can improve student character with several activities that are usually carried out at schools, namely the morning call program, Friday alms sharing, Duha and midday prayers in congregation, commemoration of religious and national holidays, and activities teaching and learning process in class.</p> Nurhalimah Harahap Atika Hanan Julia Harahap Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-20 2023-08-20 63 73 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1449 A Pragmatic Analysis of Flouting Maxim Performed by The Main Characters of Radium Girls Movie <p>A movie becomes a big source for both entertainment or education. Radium Girls is a play written by D. W. Gregory, to be filmed and released in 2018. It is an interesting movie because the story is based on a historical true story that happened in the 1920s.&nbsp; Radium Girls is analyzed by exploring the flouting maxim which appears in the dialogues between the characters of the play and to find out the implicit meaning of the flouting maxim. To find out the flouting maxim uttered by main characters (the girls) in this Radium Girls movie based on the stages found in a narrative circle in this study, the researcher used a descriptive qualitative method. There are 71 utterances employed by the main characters of the Radium Girls movie. They were distributed in flouting maxim of quality; three data, flouting maxim of quantity; thirty-five data, flouting maxim of relation; twenty-one data, and flouting maxim of manner; twelve data. The speech act is used to describe what utterances are intended to do. Declaratory can be used to flout maxim of quantity and maxim of manner. Expressive speech act can be used to flout maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relation, and maxim of manner. Assertive can be used to flout all type of maxim while commissive can be used to flout maxim of quantity and maxim of relation. The last, directory can be used to flout maxim of quantity and maxim of relation.</p> Alvionena Safitri, Elysa Hartati Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-26 2023-08-26 74 84 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1458 The Effect of Applying English Authentic Reading Materials on The Eleventh Grade Students’ Reading Comprehension Achievement at SMAN 1 Tanjungbalai <table width="567"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="435"> <p>Reading is one of many ways to get some informations. We can find it in many things, such as books, internet, etc As reading dominates all activities in the English subject, the language components,namely pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary should also be learnt to support the language skills. Based on the English teacher interview result that authentic reading materials have never been used by the teachers, reading comprehension on the eleventh grade students of senior high school of&nbsp; SMAN&nbsp; 1 Tanjungbalai. So it was necessary to conduct a research in this school. The research design was quasi experimental. It began from conducting homogeneity test, deciding the experimental class and the control class, giving activities to the control class using the common technique and material usually applied by the English teacher and treatments to the experimental class that was using authentic materials in teaching reading, then giving the same post-test to both classes, and the last analyzing the results of the post test by using t-test. The result of this research The analysis of the post test results showed that there was a significant effect of using English authentic that of reading materials the experimental class got higher mean score than the control class (65, 1&gt;57, 5) of the students’ reading achievement. Then, the result of data analysis using SPSS showed that the t-test value (2-tailed) 0.000, was less than expected to provide useful information for the English teacher to use interesting materials, that is, authentic materials in the English teaching learning process, especially in teaching reading comprehension, since the authentic materials have never been used at SMAN 1 Tanjungbalai.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Fuziernisa Fahmi Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-26 2023-08-26 85 95 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1459 Opinion of Umar Bin Khattab About Child Education and Curriculum <table width="567"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="435"> <p>Umar bin Khattab became caliph through the process of deliberation by Abu Bakr with leading companions. This is done to prevent the possibility of disputes and divisions among Muslims. The method taken by Abu Bakr turned out to be acceptable to the people and they immediately gave allegiance to Umar bin Khattab. Umar then called himself the Caliphs of Rasulullah and Amir al-Mu'minin. Umar's relatively long reign, which was 10 years, was used to expand the territory of the Islamic daulah and carry out various development programs during Umar bin Khattab's Islamic rule covering the Arabian Peninsula, Palestine, Syria, Persia and Egypt. He also made efforts to improve state administration by following the Persian model, namely dividing the territory into provinces. Apart from that, several departments were also formed, regulation of payment systems and land taxes, separation of judicial and executive powers by establishing court institutions, establishing public works offices, establishing Bait al-Mal, printing currency, and determining the year of hijrah. When Abu Bakr served as caliph, Umar always provided assistance and support for the policies carried out by Abu Bakr, so that it seemed that the government at that time was held by two people. Shortly before Abu Bakr died, he appointed Umar as his successor after consulting with other friends. The attempt to widen the Islamic territory that had been carried out by Abu Bakr was continued by Umar with glorious results. The Islamic region at the time of Umar included Iraq, Persia, Syria, Egypt and Barqah.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Fauzi Ananda Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-26 2023-08-26 96 103 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1460 Implementation of Human Resource Management in Increasing School Effectiveness at SMPIT Al Hijrah 2 Deli Serdang <p>This study aims to deepen and analyze the implementation and effectiveness of human resource management in the context of educational institutions in schools. This study uses a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. The data collection techniques used in this study are interviews and documentation. The validity of this research is also obtained through the source triangulation technique, which compares the information obtained by the author with the theory used. Informants in this study consisted of school principals, administrative heads, and teachers. Data analysis is carried out through data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results of the study show that the implementation of human resource management at SMPIT Al Hijrah 2 Deli Serdang has been carried out well, with a focus on four aspects; recruitment, training, compensation, and termination. The four main aspects studied by the author are in line with Schuler's theory and the opinions of the three informants studied. The results of this study are expected to contribute to the development of human resource management theory and practice, and provide useful guidance for educational institutions in improving the quality and effectiveness of human resource management.</p> Gunawan Syahputra Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-09-05 2023-09-05 104 113 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1492 Analysis of Teacher Performance Management in Increasing Student Motivation at MAN 1 Langkat: In the New Normal Era <table width="567"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="435"> <p>Activities in the world of education are gradually returning to normal. Madrasah institutions' readiness for face-to-face learning requires compliance with Health protocols. The role of the teacher is as a way of guiding, motivating and guiding all elements of students in a group to obtain the expected goals and enable the teacher's performance to run optimally. The aim of this research is to determine teacher performance in increasing MAN Langkat students' learning motivation in the New Normal Era. This research uses qualitative research, with a descriptive qualitative research type. The research subjects were teachers and students of Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Langkat. Data collection techniques use interviews, observation and documentation. The research results aim to determine the obstacles found by teachers at MAN 1 Langkat in increasing student learning motivation in the new normal era. The results of this research show that the efforts implemented by teachers to motivate student learning in the new normal era are: by instilling disciplinary behavior and the importance of communication to students, and limiting the use of e-digital media in learning.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Novita Sari Ahmad Mukhlasin Safitri Safitri Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 114 120 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1511 Principal Strategic Management in Enhancing Teacher Professionalisme at MAN 3 Langkat <p>Education is a conscious and planned effort aimed at creating a conducive learning environment and processes for students to actively develop their potential, encompassing spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and essential skills for themselves, society, the nation, and the state. This research explores the strategic management of school principals in enhancing teacher professionalism at MAN 3 Langkat. The qualitative research method, employing a phenomenological approach, is chosen to deeply understand natural phenomena related to school principal strategies in improving teacher professionalism. The findings reveal several strategies used by the school principal, such as intensifying meetings, effective teacher duty rotation, sending teachers to workshops, and offering guidance and supervision. The school principal's enthusiasm for improving teacher professionalism is evident through professional training and active involvement in problem-solving. In conclusion, the school principal's strategic management significantly contributes to enhancing teacher professionalism at MAN 3 Langkat. This research underscores the importance of collaboration between school principals and teachers, sharing a common vision, mission, and goal in achieving educational objectives. It emphasizes the continuous professional development of teachers to optimize their potential and deliver high-quality education.</p> Muhammad Riski Syahputra Mhd. Fuad Zaini Siregar Yuria Nadila Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 121 128 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1512 Development Literacy Module Media In Indonesian Language To Improve Reading Skills Of Grade Ii Elementary School Students <table width="567"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="435"> <p>Reading and writing are early literacy that was first recognized in human life. The reading difficulties experienced by some students make students have minimal reading literacy skills. This can affect students' ability in writing skills, because a lack of reading makes students minimal information and minimal vocabulary. Therefore, teachers must be smart in managing learning that takes place in class. The literacy literacy module is a book which contains elements of reading and practice questions. With the practice questions associated in order to train students, after reading the module. In this study, researchers used a design design and development research approach(Research and Development atau RnD). Researchers focused on grade 2 students, using 27 students. Data collection using a questionnaire, analyzed with qualitative descriptive data and quantitative data. Based on the results of product feasibility reached an average of 85.25%. From the practicality test results by teachers and students in the average module, it is 94.2%. Based on the results of the effectiveness test, the average was 81.4% while the students' reading skills test averaged 87.96%. So that the development of the Media Literacy Module produces products that are very valid, effective and practical to use in the learning process on Indonesian content for poetry material as well as expressions of apology and help for class II SD Negeri Mekar Mukti 01.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Mega Dewi Sukmawati Hasyim, Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 129 139 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1513 Development of Comic Media for Children's Stories Material Characteristics of Poetry in Indonesian Subjects to Increase Students' Interest in Reading <p>This research is motivated by the limited teaching materials in elementary schools and the lack of development of learning media that can attract students' interest in reading. This development research aims to produce children's story comic products, namely KOMPISA (Indonesian Smart Comics) and find out the practicality and effectiveness of students towards Children's Story Comics in Indonesian Language Subjects in class IV, so that the quality of learning at school is much more enjoyable and is better able to hone their skills. students in increasing interest in reading.. The results of this study, produce Children's Story Comics that can be used at the elementary school level as teaching materials for students who have met the very good criteria with an average score of the three experts, namely 96.9% in the very category. feasible to use, and the practicality level of 87.9% is in the very practical criteria and the level of effectiveness with an average of 90% is in the very effective category. The teaching materials for children's story comics are appropriate, practical and effective for use in learning Indonesian, material for the characteristics of poetry for grade IV elementary schools.</p> Nuradilah Nuradilah Fitriyani Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-08-31 2023-08-31 140 148 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1514 Development of Jumbar Media (Jumanji Bangun Datar) in Improving Learning Outcomes of Grade V Elementary School Students <p>This study aims to develop Jumbar media for grade V elementary school in mathematics subjects by testing the level of validity of learning media in terms of feasibility, practicality and effectiveness. The type of method used is Research and Development (R &amp; D) through the ADDIE model with quantitative and qualitative data analysis techniques. The resulting product is in the form of Jumbar media that can be applied to mathematics learning at the elementary school level. The results of Jumbar media research and development obtained a media feasibility percentage of 90.6% with very feasible criteria, a media practicality level of 94.5% with very practical criteria, and an effectiveness rate of 94.5% with a very effective category. Based on the results of the assessment, Jumbar media is declared valid and has been empirically tested to be used as a learning medium that can improve mathematics learning outcomes of grade V elementary school students.</p> Putri Kartini Fitriyani Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 149 161 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1516 Development of Counting Dakotika Media to Improve Understanding Multiplication Concepts in Class II Elementary School <p>This research was motivated by the low understanding of student's concepts in multiplication material and the unavailability of mathematics learning media in schools. This study aims to develop arithmetic dakotika media and find out the results of the use (practicality) and effectiveness of arithmetic dakotika media to improve understanding of the concept of multiplication. This study uses research and development methods with the ADDIE development model. Data collection techniques in this study were observations, interviews, questionnaires (validation and responses), tests and documentation. The result of this study is to produce arithmetic dakotika media which has been declared very feasible or valid by experts (media experts, material experts and language experts) with an average overall score of 97%, arithmetic dakotika media is also stated to be very practical with a score the average is 91.95 %. While the level of effectiveness is 93.1 % so that the arithmetic dakotika media is stated to be very effective. The arithmetic dakotika media that has been developed has been declared very feasible/valid, practical and effective for use in the learning process to increase understanding of the concept of multiplication.</p> Syarifah Khoerunnisa Fitriyani Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 162 175 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1517 The Effect of Application of The Snowball Throwing Learning Model in Increasing Students' Learning Outcomes in Class IV Elementary School PPKN Subjects <p>The development of the world in the field of education which is always innovating, can be started with a perspective on universal education and changing the mindset of educators who can be better at carrying out the teaching and learning process. To improve student learning outcomes need to be done in an appropriate and effective way. This method has been put forward by Permendikbud No 22 of 2016 which states that the teaching and learning process in education is carried out in a fun, challenging, inspiring, interactive way, motivating students to participate actively and providing space for creativity. This study aims to see the effect of the snowball throwing learning model on student learning outcomes in Civics subjects in grade IV elementary schools. The type of research used is quantitative, by calculating the population and sample. With a population of all SDIT Nuurul A'Raaf students totaling 751 students and taking samples using the simpler random sampling technique with a total of 54 students. For data collection includes observation, distribution of questionnaires, pretest and posttest. The analytical method used is the validity test, reliability test, normality test, data homogeneity test and hypothesis testing. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the control class using the conventional learning model and the experimental class using the snowball throwing learning model. This shows that the snowball throwing learning model has a significant effect on student learning outcomes in grade IV elementary school civics subjects.</p> Tazkia Nuraulia Pertiwi Fitriyani Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2023 Education Achievement: Journal of Science and Research 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 176 187 10.51178/jsr.v4i2.1518